IDStorage

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IDStorage is located after the IPL on the nand at 0xC0000, and is used to store low-level information on the PSP, such as the serial, MAC address, UMD, WLAN and region. Most idstorage keys have a pair, although some do not (explained later.) Idstorage keys are 512(+16) bytes and are stored in an index of two nand pages (512 bytes.) Nand pages are also 515(+16 spare area) bytes. The index of idstorage is identified by byte 6 of the spare (0x73), byte 7 is the idstorage version, byte is either 1 or 0; depending on whether the idstorage has been formatted or not (???), and finally byte 9 indicates if the idstorage is read-only or not.

Idstorage keys are 16 bit integers and are stored in the corresponding user areas. For example, a key appearing at position 27 (byte 54) in the index would find its associated data at the location:0xc0000 + (27 * 512) = 0xC3600

Importance to PSP Functions[edit]

As major functions such as UMD Decryption, Ad Hoc and DNAS Authentication rely on IDStorage keys, the loss or corruption of keys can be crippling to the usability of the PSP. Users are strongly recommended to take a NAND Backup, giving them the opportunity to restore their IDStorage using a tool such as NandTool.

Generation[edit]

Most of the idstorage generation process is detailed in Despertar Del Cementerio (sources available here: https://github.com/mathieulh/Despertar-Del-Cementerio )

Uses[edit]

IPL[edit]

The Stage 2 IPL (main.bin) reads 3 keys from the idstorage, 0x004, 0x005 and 0x006. These keys play a significant part in the PSP as they are related to power. In TA-082 and TA-086 PSP's, these keys are at different locations, causing a brick with the 1.50 IPL.

0x004

0000000000  6E 79 72 42 01 00 00 00-10 00 00 00 BB 01 AB 1F  nyrB............
0000000016  D8 00 24 00 14 31 14 00-94 01 48 00 D8 00 00 00  ..$..1....H.....

0x005

0000000000  67 68 6C 43 01 00 00 00-01 00 00 00 CA D9 E3 9B  ghlC............
0000000016  0A 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ................

0x006

0000000000  72 64 44 4D 01 00 00 00-07 00 00 00 85 BD 2C 75  rdDM..........,u
0000000016  00 00 00 85 83 81 80 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  ................

Chkreg.prx[edit]

Chkreg (chkreg.prx) reads 2 keys... 0x100 and 0x102 or 0x120 and 0x122 all contain the return of getpscode 3 times. getpscode: 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x01 0x00 0x03 0x00 0x01

Region Key (0x0100)[edit]

0000000048                          00 00 00 01 00 03 00 01          ........
0000000240  00 00 00 01 00 03 00 01                          ........        
0000000416                          00 00 00 01 00 03 00 01          ........

(Highlighted Byte - 01 for Development Tool, 02 for Testing Tool, 03 for Japan, 04 for USA, 05 for Europe/Africa, 06 for Korea, 09 for Australia/New Zealand, 0A for Hong Kong and Singapore)

The rest of key is filled with random data, which is unique to each PSP. If this data is changed, getpscode will return: 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00, meaning an invalid region. The data above is also the return of getpscode inside vshbridge.prx and chkreg.prx. The return from getpscode is determined to be valid or invalid via semaphore and openpsid... Getpscode first reads 0x100 or 0x120 into a buffer, this buffer is then sent to semaphore_4C537C72 (the same as OpenPSID) with the following args:

semaphore_4C537C72(0, 0, scrambled_buf, 0xb8, 0x12);
Arg 1 - Destination. ??
Arg 2 - size. ??
Arg 3 - Buffer 0x100 or 0x120 was read into and is 512 bytes.
Arg 4 - Length. ??
Arg 5 - Semaphore key, and sends data to 2 modules, these are OpenPSID and memab. Once the scrambled buffer has been sent, "some check" is performed. If semaphore_4C537C72 ws sucessful, this part of getpscod returns 0, else it returns 0x80000108.


Getpscode reads 0x120 using sceIdStorageLookup with the following args:

sceIdStorageLookup(0x120, 0x38, scrambled_buf, 0xb8);
Arg 1 - Idstorage key.
Arg 2 - Offset within the 512 byte leaf. The 1st occurrence of the region (getpscode) is at 0x38, the second at 0xF0 and the third at 0x1A8. Each occurrence is 0xAF (175 bytes) apart.
Arg 3 - Buffer.
Arg 4 - Length.

Memab[edit]

Memab (memab.prx) reads 1 key... once again being 0x100 or 0x120.

Mgr (mgr.prx) reads 2 keys.

0x040

00000001E0  03 86 00 20 F8 47 90 88-58 99 2E 88 F8 47 90 88  ... .G..X....G..
00000001F0  25 00 00 00 64 99 2E 88-01 00 00 00 D0 99 2E 88  %...d...........

Another unknown key.

OpenPSID[edit]

OpenPSID (openpsid.prx) reads 2 keys, both relating to the region: 0x101 or 0x121 and 0x102 or 0x122. The OpenPSID is calculated via the above keys and semaphore. It first reads 0x101 or 0x121 into a buffer, if this fails it returns 0xC0520001 and reads 0x102 or 0x122 into the buffer, if thisfails again, it returns 0xC0520002. this is then passed to semaphore_4C537C72 with the following args:

semaphore_4C537C72(0, 0, buf, 184, 0x12);

The args are explained above. If the function returns 1, OpenPSID returns 0x0xC0520001, else it returns 0.

Power[edit]

Power (power.prx) reads 1 key, 0x0004. This key is related to power and is also read by the IPL.

Umdman[edit]

Umdman (umdman.prx) reads 1 key, 0x102. This key is related to the region, and is probably used to determine what UMD video's can be read on the PSP.

USB[edit]

usb.prx[edit]

USB (usb.prx) reads 1 key, 0x041. This key has information on the USB types.

0x041

0000000000  4C 05 00 00 0A 03 53 00-6F 00 6E 00 79 00 00 00  L.....S.o.n.y...
0000000064  00 00 00 00 05 00 00 00-C8 01 00 00 16 03 50 00  ..............P.
0000000080  53 00 50 00 20 00 54 00-79 00 70 00 65 00 20 00  S.P. .T.y.p.e. .
0000000096  41 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  A...............
0000000128  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 C9 01 00 00  ................
0000000144  16 03 50 00 53 00 50 00-20 00 54 00 79 00 70 00  ..P.S.P. .T.y.p.
0000000160  65 00 20 00 42 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  e. .B...........
0000000208  CA 01 00 00 16 03 50 00-53 00 50 00 20 00 54 00  ......P.S.P. .T.
0000000224  79 00 70 00 65 00 20 00-43 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  y.p.e. .C.......
0000000272  00 00 00 00 CB 01 00 00-16 03 50 00 53 00 50 00  ..........P.S.P.
0000000288  20 00 54 00 79 00 70 00-65 00 20 00 44 00 00 00   .T.y.p.e. .D...
0000000336  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-CC 01 00 00 16 03 50 00  ..............P.
0000000352  53 00 50 00 20 00 54 00-79 00 70 00 65 00 20 00  S.P. .T.y.p.e. .
0000000368  45 00 00 00 00 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  E...............
Offset  Description                   Data
0x0000  idVendor                      0x4C 0x05                             
0x0002  ???                           0x00 0x00                             
0x0004  bLength                       0x0A                                  
0x0005  ???                           0x03                                  
0x0006  iManufacturer String          0x53 0x00 0x6F 0x00 0x6E 0x00 0x79    
0x0044  ? bNum                        0x05                                  
0x0045  ???                           0x00 0x00 0x00                        
0x0048  idProduct                     0xC8 0x01                             
0x004A  ???                           0x00 0x00                             
0x004C  bLength                       0x16                                  
0x004D  ? bDescriptorType             0x03                                  
0x004E  iProduct String               0x50 0x00 0x53 0x00 0x50 0x00 0x20    
                                      0x00 0x54 0x00 0x79 0x00 0x70 0x00    
                                      0x65 0x00 0x20 0x00 0x41              
0x008C  idProduct                     0xC9 0x01                             
0x008E  ???                           0x00 0x00                             
0x0090  bLength                       0x16                                  
0x0091  ? bDescriptorType             0x03                                  
0x0092  iProduct String               0x50 0x00 0x53 0x00 0x50 0x00 0x20    
                                      0x00 0x54 0x00 0x79 0x00 0x70 0x00    
                                      0x65 0x00 0x20 0x00 0x42              
0x00D0  idProduct                     0xCA 0x01                             
0x00D2  ???                           0x00 0x00                             
0x00D4  bLength                       0x16                                  
0x00D5  ? bDescriptorType             0x03                                  
0x00D6  iProduct String               0x50 0x00 0x53 0x00 0x50 0x00 0x20    
                                      0x00 0x54 0x00 0x79 0x00 0x70 0x00    
                                      0x65 0x00 0x20 0x00 0x43              
0x0114  idProduct                     0xCB 0x01                             
0x0116  ???                           0x00 0x00                             
0x0118  bLength                       0x16                                  
0x0119  ? bDescriptorType             0x03                                  
0x011A  iProduct String               0x50 0x00 0x53 0x00 0x50 0x00 0x20    
                                      0x00 0x54 0x00 0x79 0x00 0x70 0x00    
                                      0x65 0x00 0x20 0x00 0x44              
0x0158  idProduct                     0xCC 0x01                             
0x015A  ???                           0x00 0x00                             
0x015C  bLength                       0x16                                  
0x015D  ? bDescriptorType             0x03                                  
0x015E  iProduct String               0x50 0x00 0x53 0x00 0x50 0x00 0x20    
                                      0x00 0x54 0x00 0x79 0x00 0x70 0x00    
                                      0x65 0x00 0x20 0x00 0x45

usbstor.prx[edit]

USBstor (usbstor.prx) reads 1 key, 0x043.

0x040

0000000000  55 73 74 72 53 6F 6E 79-20 20 20 20 50 53 50 20  UstrSony    PSP 
0000000016  20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20-20 20 20 20 31 2E 30 30              1.00
0000000032  50 00 53 00 50 00 00 00-00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  P.S.P........... 

WLAN[edit]

WLAN (wlan.prx) reads 2 keys, 0x044 and 0x045.

0x044

0000000000  00 16 FE 86 FA 28                                .....(          

0x045

0000000000  03 00 01                                         ...             

This key contains the MAC address of the PSP. This can be changed, but does not effect the hardware, only the address displayed under System Information.

Sysconf_plugin[edit]

Sysconf_plugin (sysconf_plugin.prx) reads 1 key, 0x044. This is probably why the VSH displays a different MAC address when 0x044 is changed.

Vshmain[edit]

Vshmain (vshmain.prx) reads 1 key, 0x046.

0x046

Empty, however vshmain uses the first byte of this key to set a param for vshImposeSetParam. 

Legality of Distribution[edit]

There is question as to whether Sony are able to take legal action against those found to be distributing IDStorage keys among the community, for research, repair, or otherwise. The worry is that the keys are proprietary data (particularly UMD Decryption keys).